Bipolar disorder may be a chronic mental disease which causes severe shifts in mood starting from extreme highs (mania) to extreme lows (depression). manic depression shifts in mood may occur several times a year, or only rarely.
There are several sorts of manic depression , including the following:
- Bipolar I disorder, characterized by a minimum of one manic episode. this might or might not be followed by a depressive episode.
- Bipolar II disorder, characterized by a minimum of one major depressive episode lasting a minimum of fortnight , and a minimum of one episode of hypomania (a milder condition than mania) that lasts for a minimum of four days.
- Cyclothymic disorder, characterized by a minimum of two years of symptoms. With this condition, the person has many episodes of hypomanic symptoms that don’t meet the complete criteria for a hypomanic episode. They even have depressive symptoms that don’t meet the complete diagnostic criteria for a serious depressive episode. They’re never without symptoms for extended than two months at a time.
The specific symptoms of manic depression vary counting on which sort of manic depression is diagnosed. However, some symptoms are common in most of the people with manic depression . These symptoms include:
- trouble concentrating
- mania and depression at an equivalent time
- disinterest and loss of delight in most activities
- an inability to feel better when goodies happen
- psychosis that causes a detachment from reality, often leading to delusions (false but strong beliefs) and hallucinations (hearing or seeing things that don’t exist)
In the us , manic depression affects about 2.8 percent of adults. If you’ve got a lover , loved one , or spouse with manic depression , it’s important to twiddling my thumbs and understanding of their condition. Helping an individual with manic depression isn’t always easy though. Here’s what you ought to know.
How are you able to help someone during a manic episode?
During a manic episode, an individual will experience feelings of high energy, creativity, and possibly joy. They’ll talk very quickly, get little or no sleep, and should act hyperactively. they’ll also feel invincible, which may cause risk-taking behaviors.
Symptoms of a manic episode
Some common symptoms of a manic episode include:
- an unusually “high” or optimistic attitude
- extreme irritability
- unreasonable (usually grand) ideas about one’s skills or power — they’ll criticize partners or relations for not being as “accomplished” as they perceive themselves to be
- abundant energy
- racing thoughts that jump between different ideas
- being easily distracted
- trouble concentrating
- impulsiveness and poor judgment
- reckless behavior with no considered consequences
- delusions and hallucinations (less common)
During these episodes, an individual with manic depression may act recklessly. Sometimes they are going as far as endangering their own life or the lives of individuals around them. Therefore, it’s not always an choice to attempt to reason with them to undertake to prevent behaving a particular way.
Warning signs of a manic episode
It are often helpful to stay an eye fixed out for the warning signs of a manic episode in order that you’ll react accordingly. People with manic depression may show different symptoms, but some common warning signs include:
- a very sudden lift in mood
- an unrealistic sense of optimism
- sudden impatience and irritability
- a surge in energy and talkativeness
- an expression of unreasonable ideas
- spending money in reckless or irresponsible ways
- How to help during a manic episode
In some cases, doctors may recommend that the person increase their medication, take a special medication, or maybe be delivered to the hospital for treatment. confine mind that convincing your beloved to travel to the hospital might not be easy. this is often because they feel specialized during these periods and are convinced that nothing is wrong with them.
In general, attempt to avoid entertaining any grand or unrealistic ideas from your beloved , as this might increase their likelihood to interact in risky behavior. Talk calmly to the person and encourage them to contact their medical provider to debate the changes in their symptoms.
Taking care of yourself
Some people find that living with an individual with a chronic psychological state condition like manic depression are often difficult. Negative behaviors exhibited by someone who is manic are often focused on those closest to them.
Honest discussions together with your beloved while they’re not having a manic episode, also as counseling, could also be helpful. But if you’re having trouble handling your loved one’s behavior, make certain to succeed in out for help. ask your loved one’s doctor for information, contact family and friends for support, and consider joining a support group.
How are you able to help someone during a depressive episode?
Just as it are often challenging to assist a beloved through a manic episode, it are often tough to assist them through a depressive episode.
Symptoms of a depressive episode
Some common symptoms of a depressive episode include:
- sadness, hopelessness, and emptiness
- inability to require pleasure in activities
- fatigue or loss of energy
- physical and mental lethargy
- changes in weight or appetite, like gaining weight and eating an excessive amount of , or losing weight and eating insufficient
- problems with sleep, like sleeping an excessive amount of or insufficient
- problems focusing or remembering things
- feelings of worthlessness or guilt
- thoughts about death or suicide
How to help during a depressive episode
Again, you’ll want to develop a coping plan for depressive episodes together with your beloved when they’re not showing any symptoms. During an episode they’ll lack the motivation to return up with such plans.
You can also help a beloved during a depressive episode. Listen attentively, offer helpful coping advice, and check out to spice up them up by that specialize in their positive attributes. Always ask them during a nonjudgmental way and offer to assist them with little day-to-day things they’ll be battling .
What are signs of an emergency?
Some signs of an emergency include:
- violent behavior or speech
- risky behavior
- threatening behavior or speech
- suicidal speech or actions, or mention death
In general, be happy to assist the person as long as they don’t appear to be posing a risk to their life or the lives of others. twiddling my thumbs , aware of their speech and behavior, and supportive in their care.
But in some cases, it’s not always possible to assist an individual through a manic or depressive episode and you’ll got to get expert help. Call the person’s doctor directly if you’re concerned about how the episode is escalating.
If you think that your beloved is considering suicide, you can get help from a crisis or suicide prevention hotline. But if you think that someone is at immediate risk of self-harm or hurting another person:
- Be sure to inform the dispatcher that your beloved features a psychological state condition and requires special care.
- Stay with the person until help arrives.
- Remove any guns, knives, medications, or other things which will cause harm.
- Listen, but don’t judge, argue, threaten, or yell.
Bipolar disorder may be a lifelong condition. At times, it are often a true challenge for both you and your beloved — so make certain to think about your own needs also as theirs. It can help to stay in mind that with proper treatment, coping skills, and support, most of the people with manic depression can manage their condition and live healthy, happy lives.