Allergic shiners are usually described as dark, shadowy pigments that resemble bruises. There are many possible causes of dark circles under your eyes, but allergic shiners got their name because allergies are best known for causing them. Allergic shiners also are called allergic facies and periorbital hyperpigmentation.
What are the symptoms of allergic shiners?
The symptoms of allergic shiners include:
- round, shadowy pigmentation of the skin underneath the eyes
- blue- or purple-colored tint under the eyes, sort of a bruise
If the dark circles are caused by allergies, you’ll likely produce other allergy symptoms. Other symptoms of allergies include:
- watery, red, itchy eyes (allergic conjunctivitis)
- itchy throat or roof of the mouth
- nasal congestion
- sinus pressure
- runny nose
Symptoms of allergic shiners in people worse at particular times of the year.It can sometimes be difficult to inform the difference between a cold or sinus infection and allergies. the most important difference is that a chilly will likely also cause a low-grade fever and body aches.
What causes allergic shiners?
Allergic shiners are caused by nasal congestion. Nasal congestion happens when the tissues and blood vessels within the nose become swollen with excess fluid. a standard explanation for nasal congestion is rhinitis , or allergies. this is often often the case in children and young adults.
In an allergy, your system mistakenly identifies a harmless substance like pollen or dust mites as something harmful. This substance is understood as an allergen. Your system produces antibodies to defend your body from the allergen. The antibodies signal your blood vessels to widen and for your body to form histamine. This histamine reaction results in allergy symptoms, like nasal congestion, sneezing, and runny nose.
Allergic shiners occur when congestion in your sinuses results in congestion within the small veins under your eyes. Any sort of nasal allergy can cause allergic shiners, including:
- an allergy to certain foods
- indoor allergens, like dust mites, pet dander, cockroaches, or mold
- outdoor allergens, like tree, grass, pollen , also referred to as seasonal allergies or pollinosis
- cigarette smoke, pollution, perfumes, or other irritants which will make allergy symptoms worse
- People whose allergies affect their eyes are at a better risk for allergic shiners. Allergies that affect your eyes are referred to as allergic conjunctivitis. you’ll rub your eyes frequently, making your allergic shiners worse.
While allergic shiners are most frequently related to allergies, other causes of nasal congestion also can cause dark circles under the eyes. These include:
- nasal congestion thanks to a sinus infection
Other conditions can cause the looks of dark circles under the eyes too:
- lack of sleep
- thinning skin and loss of fat within the face thanks to aging
- eczema, or atopic eczema
- sun exposure
- heredity (dark circles under the eyes can run in families)
- face surgery or trauma
- sleep apnea
- nasal polyps
- swollen or enlarged adenoids
If you’ve got dark circles under your eyes, you’ll got to work together with your doctor to assess your symptoms in order that they can make an accurate diagnosis.
When to see a doctor
See your doctor if:
- your symptoms are affecting your day-to-day activities
- you have a high fever
- your nasal discharge is green and amid sinus pain
- over-the-counter (OTC) allergy medications aren’t helping
- you have another condition, like asthma, that’s making your symptoms worse
- your allergic shiners occur year-round
Treating allergic shiners
The most effective thanks to treat allergies is to avoid the allergen, but that’s not always possible. There are many OTC treatments available to treat seasonal allergies, including:
- nasal steroid sprays
- anti-inflammatory eye drops
Allergy shots, or immunotherapy, consists of a series of injections with the allergy-causing proteins. Over time, your body builds up tolerance to the allergen. Eventually, you’ll not have symptoms.
A prescription called montelukast (Singulair) is additionally effective at blocking the inflammation caused by allergies. However, thanks to an increased risk of great behavioral and mood changesTrusted Source, it should only be used if there are not any suitable alternatives.
You can also try the subsequent lifestyle changes and practical solutions to assist reduce your allergy symptoms:
- shut your windows and use the air conditioning during your allergy season
- use an air conditioning with a HEPA filter
- use a humidifier to feature moisture to the air and help soothe irritated tissues and swollen blood vessels within the nose
- use allergy-proof covers for your mattress, blankets, and pillows
- clean up water damage which will cause mold
- clean your house of dust and pet dander
- wash your hands after petting an animal
- wear sunglasses outside to stay pollen out of your eyes
- place traps to urge obviate cockroaches in your house
- check your local weather outlook for a count , and stay indoors once they are highest
- use a nasal saline mist twice each day to get rid of pollen from the nose and clear excess mucous
- rinse your nose with a neti pot (a container designed to flush out your nasal passages)
- cook or season your food with turmeric, which has been shown to suppress allergies
- consume local honey, which can help with seasonal allergies
- stay hydrated